“Tea” worlds second most widely consumed drink and first in most widely consumed beverage.
Do you know that tea is second most widely consumed drink just after water in the world? So definitely it first in most widely consumed beverages. Definitely it’s not about just a black tea it’s about the summation of all types of teas. Do you excited to know more about types of teas? Have a look at our article Types of tea.
History of tea:-
According to Wikipedia Tea was Initially appeared in Southwest China during the Shang dynasty (1600 to 1046 BC) as a medicinal drink. The first noticed record of tea drinking dates is in the 3rd century AD, in a medical text written by famous Chinese physician Hua Tuo.
In Tang dynasty (618 – 907) it popularized as a recreational drink, during this time it also spared to East Asian countries. During the 16th century because of the development of trade between Asian and European countries, it spread into Europe by Portuguese merchants, and in 17th century drinking Tea become a very popular drink among Britons. Due to its popularity among Britons, to overcome the need they started a large scale production and commercialization of the plant in India. According to data collected in 2016, China and India supplied 62% of the world’s tea in 2016.
Chinese languages like Mandarin and Cantonese, pronounce it like “Cha”. But Hokkien and Teochew Chinese varieties along the Southern coast of China pronounce it along the line of “Teh”. Both pronounce “Teh” and “Cha” has made their positions independently in different languages all around the world. Like in English it known as “Tea”, and In Hindi, it known as “Chai”.
Required climate condition for Tea Plants:-
Camellia sinensis plant categorized into evergreen shrub (small tree) of which leaves and also leaf buds used to produce tea. It grows easily in tropical and subtropical climate conditions. Some varieties can grow in marine climate also. If we talk in standardized language, Tea plants required Zone 8 or warmer climate with at least 127cm (50 in) of rainfall and acidic soil. Some specialized high-quality plants cultivated at elevations of 5000 ft. (Approx.1500m) above sea level.
Normal plants grow up to as much as 16m height if remains untouched. Cultivated plants trimmed to 1 to 1.2 m (40 to 48 inches). Therefore labours can easily pluck their leaves. Due to the cutting of plants, It bears more new shoots that provide new and tender leaves and increase the quality. As cultivation height increases, the growth rate of plant decreases and the content of flavour increases. Two main varieties of plants used in most of the plants, “Camellia sinensis var. sinensis” and “C. sinensis var. assamica”, In which “Camellia sinensis var. sinensis” used for most of the Japanese, Chinese and Formosan teas. ‘C. sinensis var. assamica” used for most of the Indian teas except Darjeeling tea.